Authorship is a key question within any co-creative process and may change over the lifespan of a project but it is important to discuss it early on. Who will claim ownership of the work and when will this be decided? Will it be individual, co-authored, open source? How will the credits be determined? Who will own or manage the raw data or the archival material? Who will make decisions about distribution? For example, will the project be distributed with exclusive or non-exclusive distribution rights? Who will present the project or part of the project to what publics and at what stage? How will intellectual property or copyright issues be addressed? What about legal liabilities related to the project? What kinds of legal frameworks or written understandings might help to keep the project transparent and ethical?



Cizek, Katerina and William Uricchio. “Collective Wisdom: Co-Creating Media within Communities, across Disciplines and with Algorithms.” The Co-Creation Studio at MIT Open Documentary Lab, June 19, 2019

Longfellow, Brenda. “Co-creation Is Not for the Faint of Heart.” Afterimage 47, no. 1 (2020): 54-60.

Miller, Elizabeth and Michele Smith. “Dissemination and Ownership of Knowledge. In Handbook of Participatory Video, edited by E-J Milne, Claudia Mitchell, and  Naydene de Lange, 331-348. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2012. 

Naaman, Dorit. “When is Co-Creation Possible?” Afterimage 47, no. 1 (2020): 42-47.